The story

Herbert Block

Herbert Block

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Herbert Block was born in 1909. Influenced by the work of Jay Darling and Edmund Duffy, the nineteen year old Block became staff cartoonist with the Chicago's Daily News in 1929. His cartoons, signed Herblock, initially reflected the right-wing views of the newspaper. However, the Great Depression radicalized Block and he became increasingly critical of the presidency of Herbert Hoover.

In 1933 Block moved to the Newspaper Enterprise Association in Cleveland, the feature service that had been established by Edward Scripps. During the 1930s Block's cartoons highlighted the dangers of Adolf Hitler and the rise of fascism in Germany. He also attacked the America First Committee and its isolationist foreign policy.

Block was a supporter of Franklin D. Roosevelt and the New Deal. He later commented: "I had started working before the Depression and was never out of a job. But an awful lot of people were, and this guy was doing something about it. It taught me that government can do the things that need to be done." In 1942 Block won his first Pulitzer Prize for cartooning.

Block joined the Washington Post in January, 1946. His cartoons were very popular with the public but upset his employer during the 1952 presidential campaign when his cartoons criticized Dwight D. Eisenhower. Worried about the influence he might be having on the public the cartoons were not published in the final days of the campaign. However, after complaints from readers the cartoons were reinstated.

In the early 1950s he was one of the few cartoonists willing to take on Joseph McCarthy. Block was the first person to describe this crusade against people with left of centre political views as McCarthyism. McCarthy responded by calling the Washington Post as "the Washington edition of the Daily Worker". Whereas Ollie Harrington was forced into exile and Bill Mauldin into retirement, Block survived and went on to win his second Pulitzer Prize in 1954.

Block was appalled when Richard Nixon was elected president. He often quoted the comments of Barry Goldwater who claimed that Nixon was "the most dishonest individual I ever met in my life". Block's views on Nixon were reflected in his cartoons and he played an important role in exposing the Watergate scandal. Block won a third Pulitzer Prize in 1979.

For over sixty years Block produced drawings that expressed his liberal views on politics. This included attacks on racial discrimination and segregation. One friend, Ted Koppel, remarked that: "In person, Herb is the sweetest, gentlest man you could ever imagine. But put him behind a pen and something happens. His cartoons can be like a direct hit to the solar plexus." By the 1990s Block's cartoons were appearing in over 300 newspapers and magazines in the United States.

Herbert Block died on 7th October 2001.

Brian Lamb: Who was Joe McCarthy?

Herb Block: Who was he? He was the United States senator from Wisconsin and a man who, after he'd been in the Senate for a while, found that there was paydirt in pretending to find Communists in the government. He made a speech in Wheeling, West Virginia, I think in 1950, February, in which he said, "I think there were 205 Communists in the government," and he never showed people any list.

Brian Lamb: Here's a cartoon from the year 1950 -- The headline on it is, "You mean I'm supposed to stand on that?" And right up here is the word "McCarthyism." Did you invent that?

Herb Block: That's the first use of that word that I know of and I remember how it originated because I wanted to put something on that tar barrel and you couldn't call it McCarthy himself, and you wouldn't say McCarthy techniques or so on and I thought, "Well, maybe just use one word, McCarthyism," and, you know, it caught on.

Brian Lamb: Did you ever think that McCarthyism, as you defined it, was a threat, a real threat to this country?

Herb Block: Oh, yes. Certainly. God, it was a threat at the time. And it was a very real threat and there were people driven out of office, people whose careers were wrecked, there were people who commit suicide because of the attacks on them.

Block's distinct point of view, given free rein by his paper, established him as a pull-no-punches cartoonist. He conveyed the public's fears of the atomic bomb through a menacing character called "Mr. Atom". He correctly saw the civil rights of the nation's black population as the next big agenda item. He even attacked the Daughters of the American Revolution for discrimination. But Block was to show the courage of his convictions when he chose to confront an issue that many cartoonists - and their papers - gave a wide berth, by aiming his sights at the junior U.S. senator from Wisconsin, Joseph McCarthy.

It has never been a cartoonist's job to be fair, and Herbert Block, who has died at the age of 91, saw no reason to discard that honourable tradition. He laid about the White House and the Congress with splendid glee and total impartiality. His disappearance, after an astonishing 74-year career, will let American politicians sleep secure in the knowledge that one of their greatest tormentors has gone to his reward.

Gauge block

Gauge blocks (also known as gage blocks, Johansson gauges, slip gauges, or Jo blocks) are a system for producing precision lengths. The individual gauge block is a metal or ceramic block that has been precision ground and lapped to a specific thickness. Gauge blocks come in sets of blocks with a range of standard lengths. In use, the blocks are stacked to make up a desired length (or height).

An important feature of gauge blocks is that they can be joined together with very little dimensional uncertainty. The blocks are joined by a sliding process called wringing, which causes their ultra-flat surfaces to cling together. A small number of gauge blocks can be used to create accurate lengths within a wide range. By using three blocks at a time taken from a set of 30 blocks, one may create any of the 1000 lengths from 3.000 to 3.999 mm in 0.001 mm steps (or .3000 to .3999 inches in 0.0001 inch steps). Gauge blocks were invented in 1896 by Swedish machinist Carl Edvard Johansson. [1] They are used as a reference for the calibration of measuring equipment used in machine shops, such as micrometers, sine bars, calipers, and dial indicators (when used in an inspection role). Gauge blocks are the main means of length standardization used by industry. [1]

We are in the process of scanning W. T.'s first book, A History of Jefferson, County, Texas, which will be a work in progress for some time . This book was W. T.'s master's thesis at Lamar University and was published in 1976.

There are now 4 68 articles published on this site. Up to this point most of the work has been relatively easy, since the majority of what is on the site to date was written within the last decade and was therefore already in electronic form.

Some of the newest articles represent the beginning of the next phase, converting work that was done in the prior three decades into electronic format. Sabine Pass in the Civil War was originally published in the East Texas Historical Journal in October 1971. This article was scanned in from a photocopy of that document. Scanning is imprecise at best, and downright error prone at worst. Our best efforts to find and correct these errors are being employed, but the process is slow. Naturally, we welcome any feedback with regard to errors discovered by our readers.

1986: Already using computers to complete tax returns, H&R Block helps the IRS test e-filing

In the 1980s, H&R Block began using computers to complete tax returns. In 1980, the company acquired CompuServe, a move that helped H&R Block grow and keep its 8,676 offices connected.

David Platt, who bought his H&R Block franchise in 1975, recalled that when H&R Block introduced computers to his tax office, he thought, “If they don’t work, we’ll just push them aside and do taxes the way we’ve always done them.” But today, Platt says, “I wouldn’t let them go.”

Computers and his tax knowledge allow him to work “what if” scenarios with his clients and talk about the impact life changes have on their taxes.

“In the 70’s when a client wanted to talk about what might happen in their life, we were completing entire forms for each scenario. Today, we can have endless conversations with clients about their possible life changes and tax impacts.”

Because of this expertise and the capital investment to equip offices with computers, H&R Block could help the IRS test e-filing pilot programs in Cincinnati and Phoenix.

The e-file pilot program required tax preparers to call an IRS office in Cincinnati. An IRS employee there would plug the phone into the Mitron, transfer the information from the Mitron to another machine known as a Zilog, which would convert the data into files the IRS system could read. Finally, the IRS would transmit the data back to the tax preparer through another phone call and connection to a modem in the tax preparer’s office.

In the pilot year, the IRS processed 25,000 e-filed returns in this way. The IRS currently processes more than 100 million e-filed returns annually (no Mitron or Zilog needed).

“Our early experiments with computers and e-filing did more than help the IRS build a more secure, faster way to process returns. We ultimately delivered a better tax preparation experience for our clients,” said Platt.


Autograph Sentiment signed in ink on an index card, accompanied by unsigned, printed cartoon, one of his many lambasting Richard Nixon
Autograph Sentiment signed: "Best wishes of/Herb Block", 5x3 index card. Accompanied by one of his newspaper cartoons (unsigned, 5¼x7½ ). Herbert Lawrence Block (1909-2001), known by his cartoon signature, "Herblock", lampooned Presidents, starting with Herbert Hoover in 1929 as a staff columnist at Chicago's "Daily News". He won his first Pulitzer Prize four years later. He garnered two more (1954, 1979) during his half century as editorial cartoonist at "The Washington Post" (1946-2001). He coined the term "McCarthyism" in a 1950 cartoon. In addition to his 3 Pulitzers, Herblock one the National Cartoonist Society Editorial Cartoonist award twice, the Rueben Award, and the Presidential Medal of Freedom (1994). He received the NCS Hall of Fame Gold Key in 1979. President Nixon canceled his subscription to the Washington Post after Herblock portrayed him climbing out of a sewer. Fine condition.

Following offer submission users will be contacted at their account email address within 48 hours. Our response will be to accept your offer, decline your offer or send you a final counteroffer. All offers can be viewed from within the "Document Offers" area of your HistoryForSale account. Please review the Make Offer Terms prior to making an offer.

If you have not received an offer acceptance or counter-offer email within 24-hours please check your spam/junk email folder.

A.P.T U.S History Blog

This political cartoon was first published published in the Washington Post on June 17, 1965, drawn by Herb Block. The day before it was published the Department of Defense announced that more soldiers would be sent to Vietnam. This cartoon reflects how the American people felt that President Johnson was looking down on them and not telling them the truth. Johnson is drawn saying "our position hasn't changed at all," yet is on an escalator labeled "Vietnam". This shows the way many Americans opposed the escalation on the war in Vietnam and shows their anger at being lied to.

This political cartoon was also drawn by Herb Block. It was published by the Washington Post on November 1, 1962, only four days after the end of the Cuban Missile Crisis. Kennedy and Khrushchev are drawn trying to hold a monster inside of a box labeled "Nuclear War". Smoke is coming out of the box to represent the destruction that would occur if nuclear war were to happen. The monstrous hands of nuclear war would be powerful enough to destroy both Kennedy (America) and Khrushchev (USSR) if allowed to escape. Both of the leaders are sweating and even working together to ensure peace. The title "LETS GET A LOCK FOR THIS THING" refers to the way they were able to narrowly escape nuclear war after the Cuban Missile Crisis, and expresses the need for future cooperation to avoid further problems. American society at this point has been shaken up quite a bit by the missile crisis and wants a "lock" on peace.

This cartoon depicts Uncle Sam representing the US in a small fishing boat. The boat is nearing a whirlpool that represents US involvement in Asia. It shows show the US started out in Vietnam and then had a struggle with Thailand. Due to the domino theory many people feared that if one country in Asia fell to communism they would all eventually topple. This cartoon however, shows that many people in American society are fed up with all the wars and unnecessary US involvement in Asia, where many people believed that we had no reason to be.

From Graces Guide

of Empress Works, Loughborough.

1912 Name changed to Herbert Morris.

1914 Manufacturers of electric, pneumatic and hand overhead travelling cranes, pulley blocks, conveyors, overhead runways and lifting miscellanea. Ώ]

1919 Public offer of shares ΐ]

1920 Took over the business of H. Coltman and Sons. Α]

1920 December - W. H. Purnell was appointed vice-chairman of the company. Β]

1931 Frank Morris took over the company on the death of his father

1931 Company employing 2,000 persons. Γ]

1937 Lifting machinery manufacturers. Δ]

1939 Became a quoted company.

1961 Manufacturers of cranes, pulley-blocks runways telphers conveyors, elevators lifts and trucks. 1,900 employees. Ε]

1968 Built thirty Goliath cranes for British Railway Freight. Ζ]

1969 Frank Morris resigns as chairman

1969 Won orders for Goliath and Semi-Goliath cranes at 3 British aluminium smelters Η]

1970 E. and H. P. Smith acquired 30 percent of the shares of the company ⎖]

1974 Assembled four 130-ton giant overhead cranes for the Cammell Laird's shipyards. ⎗]

By 1975 had about 2000 employees trading subsidiaries were:

    (stacker cranes and monorail systems) (linear motors and crane control equipment) (maintenance and repair of any make of lifting equipment).

Had a joint interest with C. T. Bowring and Co Ltd in Senelco Ltd, a company manufacturing under licence an American anti-shoplifting device.

1976 The holding in Herbert Morris was sold to Babcock and Wilcox ⎘]

Ford Small-block Runs Rare Hemi Heads Designed by Chet Herbert

The history of exotic cylinder head conversions for production engines is distinguished with legendary names like Westlake, Ardun, McGee, Lyons, Riley and Moser. Even Mickey Thompson developed a 3-valve head for the small-block Chevy. You can also add Chet Herbert to such a notable list.

“This is a one-off billet aluminum cylinder head that Chet built for the small-block Ford while he was alive,” says Bob Vrbancic of Vrbancic Brothers Racing and the Carb Shop, the teams behind the engine in the video. “We had dealt with Chet for a long time when he was based on the West Coast. He started making the heads and asked us if we would do some R&D for him.”

Initial development work started around eight years ago on a Ford FE application.

“We have a big-block Ford with those heads that we run in a Top Sportsman car,” says Vrbancic. “It makes about 1,440 horsepower with a Roush block.”

This small-block version is based on a Dart Iron Eagle 9.5-inch-deck block bored out to 4.165 inches and fitted with a Lunati 4-inch crankshaft (436ci) and Diamond pistons (9.8:1CR). The cylinder heads have limited coolant flow and feature custom rocker arms.

“There’s actually a very small combustion chamber at 46cc. It is a true hemi but basically, it’s all valve,” says Vrbancic, noting the valve sizes at 2.400 intake and 1.900 exhaust. “There is water going through the head but it’s not a conventional water jacket. It does keep them cool, though.”

Herbert also designed a custom 3-piece billet intake manifold in which the center section is actually part of the intake port, according to Vbrancic. Sitting on top is a pair of Carb Shop-prepped Holley HP carbs. Rounding the engine assembly are a Jesel belt drive, Meziere water pump and MSD distributor.

With a “small solid roller” the engine makes just over 800 horsepower at 6,600 rpm on pump gas. Peak torque was 671 lb-ft at 5,200 rpm. Final destination is a street rod.

“The customer wanted something no one else has,” says Vrbrancic.

The before and after images are remarkable and it all started with Historic Tax Credit Programs. This month we are looking at some success stories!

Palace Hotel and Annex
400-412 Main Street, Pender, Nebraska 68047

The three story brick Palace Hotel and the adjacent two story modest frame building in Pender, Nebraska were listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1990. Their significance is based upon being the first courthouse in Thurston County. The small frame building and subsequently the larger Palace Hotel functioned as a courthouse between 1889 and 1927. Both buildings appear to hold the state record for “temporary” use as a courthouse.

Defending Basic Freedoms

This program helps safeguard the basic freedoms guaranteed in our Bill of Rights, to help eliminate all forms of prejudice and discrimination, and to assist government agencies to be more accountable to the public. The Herb Block Foundation will also consider contemporary societal issues that may arise.Grants are available nationwide.


Eligibility Requirements for All Grant Programs

Applicants must be nonprofit organizations classified as 501(c)(3) organizations by the Internal Revenue Service.

Applicants for the Defending Basic Freedoms and Encouraging Citizen Involvement Program areas may be national. Applicants for the Pathways Out of Poverty Program must be located in /and or provide services in the greater Washington, DC region which we define as the District of Columbia, the counties of Arlington, Fairfax, and the city of Alexandria in Virginia and Montgomery, and Prince George's counties in Maryland.

Grants will not be made for capital or endowment programs, nor for sectarian religious purposes.

Grants in the range of $5,000 to $25,000 will be considered. Grants will be considered for one year's funding.

No more than 10% of a grant may go to indirect costs (outside of those for general operating support).

Grants cannot be used for lobbying or other partisan purposes.

Application Procedure

The Herb Block Foundation uses a two-step process for evaluating grant proposals: a Letter of Inquiry and a Full Proposal. As of September 15, 2014, we have an online application for the Letter of Inquiry and Full Proposal. Your organization must choose to either proceed through the whole application process via online or hard copy.

1. Letter of Inquiry

Organizations that wish to apply for a grant are required to first submit a Letter of Inquiry. A Letter of Inquiry briefly describes (roughly in two to three pages) the proposed project's purpose, operation, target audience, timeline, costs, and anticipated impacts. Go to the panel "Application Forms" for the full list of items to be included in this Letter or start the application online. All organizations who send in a letter of inquiry by mail or online will receive an email. letting them know if the Foundation is requesting a full proposal or not.

NOTE: All applicants, including current and past grantees, must submit a Letter of Inquiry if you expect to apply for the next fiscal year.

2. Full Proposal

The Foundation selects projects for further consideration with an invitation for a Full Proposal. Please note that a request for a Full Proposal does not guarantee that a project will be funded, and that only full proposals which have been invited by the Foundation will be considered. Those organizations that mailed in a Letter of Inquiry may use the WRAGs Common Grant Application if invited for a full proposal. Those organizations that submitted their Letter of Inquiry online will receive an email notification and a link to the Foundation's Online Full Proposal Application. See the panel "Application Forms" to see the requirements for the Letters of Inquiry and for the online applications.

Annual Calendar

We anticipate that The Herb Block Foundation will generally have three Board meetings per year reviewing grant applications, in January, May, and September. Grants will be considered according to the following schedule:

January: Defending Basic Freedoms

May: Pathways Out of Poverty

September: Encouraging Citizen Involvement

The Foundation's fiscal year runs from October 1 to September 30. Please contact the Foundation if you have any further questions. And please visit this website regularly for our latest information. Thanks for your interest in The Herb Block Foundation.

Application Forms

You have the choice of applying either online or hard copy (see details below). All applicants, including current and past grantees, must submit a Letter of Inquiry if you expect to apply for the next fiscal year.

Letters of Inquiry

To apply online, visit The Herb Block Foundation (click on this link) Online Letter of Inquiry Application. Online applications must be submitted by midnight of the deadline date listed in the Application Timetable. Please note that the link works best with Internet Explorer or Firefox.

To submit a hard copy, Letters of Inquiry must be received by mail or dropped off in The Herb Block Foundation's offices at 1730 M Street, NW, Suite #1020, Washington DC 20036, no later than 6:00 p.m. on the deadline date listed in the Application Timetable. Provide one copy of the Letter of Inquiry to either Marcela Brane (President) or Sarah Alex (Executive Director). We will also accept the hard copy Washington Regional Association of Grantmaker's (WRAG's) Common Letter of Inquiry. We do not accept Letters of Inquiry via email.

Letters of Inquiry must provide the following:

  • a brief statement of the issues to be addressed, and of your organization's involvement with these issues,
  • a brief summary of the activities for which you are requesting support, including an outline of your objectives and anticipated outcomes, and a list of potential partners,
  • the population and geographic areas targeted,
  • the planned starting date and duration of the proposed activities,
  • the total amount of funding needed, the amount requested from The Herb Block Foundation, and the sources (both in-hand and requested) of other support,
  • a copy of your organization's IRS 501(c)(3) letter, and
  • your organization's current total Operating Budget, and audited financial statement (if available).

A brochure or newsletter describing your organization's mission, goals, accomplishments, etc. may also be included.

Full Proposals

Full Proposal Applications may be sent only upon a request by the staff of The Herb Block Foundation after reviewing Letters of Inquiry. If your organization submitted a Letter of Inquiry online, then The Herb Block Foundation will email you a link to our Full Proposal online application. Please make sure [email protected] is added to your safe senders list. Applications work best with Internet Explorer or Firefox.

If you mailed a hard copy letter of inquiry and the Foundation requests a full proposal, then the Foundation will expect a hard copy full proposal. We use the Washington Regional Association of Grantmakers (WRAGs) Common Grant Application.

Please note a request for a full proposal does not guarantee funding for your project.

Application Timetable

Program LOI's Due Full Proposal Invited Full Proposal Due Proposed Board Meeting
Defending Basic Freedoms 10/06/21 11/17/21 12/15/21 1/28/22
Pathways Out of Poverty 2/03/22 3/17/22 4/13/22 5/17/22
Encouraging Citizen Involvement 6/03/21 7/20/21 8/17/21 9/21/21

Reporting Requirements

To assist The Herb Block Foundation in monitoring the work of its grantees, each recipient is required to submit progress report at the end of each six-month grant period and a final report. The requirements for each report are found below.

As of September 15, 2014, the Foundation provides online applications for the Letter of Inquiry and for Full Proposals. Those that apply online will be apply to submit their 6 month and final reports online, we will email links a month before the due date. Once we email the link, then access will be available on the site until the report is submitted. However, those past and current grantees who submitted their Letter of Inquiry by mail must continue to submit their reports in hard copy. Again, online reporting is only for those who submitted online and they will find a link to the reporting when they login about a month before the deadline date.

Reporting Schedule: (please check the dates as they may change)

Program Board Meeting Progress Report Due Final Report Due
Defending Basic Freedoms 1/21/20

Progress Report:

  • Include the name of your organization, the address, phone and fax numbers, the project director's name and the project goals or objectives.
  • Include with your report a detailed financial accounting of all grant funds.
  • Your report should address each of the items below. Answers need not be lengthy three pages for the report are often adequate.
  1. What challenges are you facing as you move forward with this project? How are you approaching these challenges?
  2. What changes in plans or personnel have there been? Please explain.
  3. What progress have you made toward achieving your objectives? Please address each stated objective.
  4. Do you anticipate any difficulties in completing your project in the time frame outlined in your proposal?

NOTE: All applicants, including current and past grantees, must submit a Letter of Inquiry if you expect to apply for the next fiscal year.

Final Report:

  • Include the name of your organization, the address, phone and fax numbers, the project director's name and the project goals or objectives.
  • Include with your report a detailed financial accounting of all grant funds.
  • Your report should address each of the items below. Answers need not be lengthy three to five pages for the report are often adequate.
  1. What was accomplished in connection with this project. Please address each stated objective. If any project objectives were changed, please also explain the circumstances leading to the modification of the objective(s).
  2. What challenges did you face in connection with this project? How did you address these challenges?
  3. What were the most important lessons learned?
  4. What advice would you offer to help another organization that is thinking about undertaking a similar project?

Please keep us on your mailing list for newsletters, press releases, etc., and share any news coverage you may receive.

NOTE: All applicants, including current and past grantees, must submit a Letter of Inquiry if you expect to apply for the next fiscal year.

Watch the video: Diezel Herbert Mark I vs. Peavey 5150 Block Letter (May 2022).